PPE concerns were the most common theme brought up voluntarily in free-text feedback in a study by Chung & Yeung , and a survey in Pakistan revealed that 80% of participants expected provision of PPE . H.Cai et al.  also found that PPE was protective when adequate, but a risk factor for stress when inadequate. This finding appears to be bolstered by a qualitative study of frontline nurses in Wuhan, which found that physical health and safety was one of their primary needs. This study also reported PPE as a protective factor .
A fear of infection was a highlighted in a qualitative study by Cao et al., (2020, 31), and brought up as a theme in free-text feedback in a cross sectional survey by Chung & Yeung . Ahmed et al.  found that 87% of dentists surveyed described a fear of being infected with COVID-19 from either a patient or a co-worker. 2b1af7f3a8