Although the melt and solidification mechanisms were previously described, they have mostly been validated through experiments and simulations. In this study, we propose a general model, which unifies these mechanisms and allows for the prediction of the melting behavior of extruded polymer systems, which is not the case for filament-based AM. This model considers the melt, the solidified polymer, and the shear-induced melting as the three main mechanisms. The melt is sheared off by the solidification front acting on it, and its shear thinning with the solidification rate results in a decrease of the melt viscosity and a higher shear rate. A viscoelastic extrusion model is then used to describe the extrusion process and accounts for the filament plasticity and the solidification of the polymer. The EAM conditions are monitored by a set of equations that include the melt shear rate and the shear-induced melting temperature, allowing us to predict the transition from the shear-induced to the viscoelastic extrusion. Note that the extruded material is thus described by three independent, but interacting, mechanisms, i.e., the melting, the viscoelastic extrusion, and the solidification. The model is then applied to the extrusion of EBM filaments in which the melting and viscoelastic extrusion mechanisms have been validated experimentally and theoretically for each thermoplastic .
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